This article is about astronomy. It is about the Babylonians, Maya and the Ancient Greeks.

The Babylonians were very advanced astronomers because they had a way of writing so they could record massive volumes of astronomical observations, for which they created mathematical models. With mathematical models, they created calendars, which the can be used to record important things, throughout Babylonia, like business transactions. A man called Ptolemy had a system called the Ptolemaic system. His theory was that earth was in the center of the universe.

How did the Ancient Greeks find out about the earth on an angle? Why did Ptolemy think the earth was in the center of the universe.

I understand why the Babylonians, the Maya and the Ancient Greeks were so interested in space or astronomy.


Cosmic Discovery – Goals

Science as a human Endeavor.

Scientific understandings, discoveries and inventions are used to inform personal and community decisions and to solve problems that affect people’s lives.

  • I want to learn about the technology used to observe planets before human arrival.

Earth and space sciences.

Earth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the sun)

  • I want to learn about the planet, Jupiter and if there is life, water sources and other resources.

Science Inquiry Skills

Recording and processing

Construct and use a range of representation, including tables and graphs, to record, represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data.

  • I want to get better at taking notes and then putting it into a graph or table.

Analysing & Evaluating

Suggest improvements to the methods used to investigate a question or solve a problem.


Communicate ideas and processes using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and to identify simple cause-and-effect relationships.

Unit Goals: Extreme Weather

As a result of this unit, I will

Unit Learning Goal 1: Science

I will . . . Understand key extreme weather terms, including:

List words here

Crust, mantle, dormant volcano, ring of fire, seismograph, Fault, Elastic rebound, Seismic waves, Body waves, Surface waves, Focus, Epicentre, Compressional stress, Tensional stress, Shear stress, Foreshocks, Aftershocks,  Continental lithosphere, Asthenosphere, Plate boundary, Mantle convection, Ridge path, Plate subduction, Subducting, Slab pull, Mid-ocean ridges, Divergent plate boundary, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Convergent plate boundary, Transform plate boundary, Seismology, Limnology,  soil erosion, silt, wind erosion, bank erosion, sheet erosion., rill and gully erosion, strip farming, terraces

Unit Learning Goal 2: Science

 I will understand how sudden geological changes or extreme weather conditions can affect Earth’s surface.

Unit Learning Goal 3: Science

 I will understand how scientific understandings, discoveries and inventions are used to solve problems that directly affect peoples’ lives.

Unit Learning Goal 4: Science

 I will understand how scientific knowledge is used to inform personal and community decisions.

Unit Learning Goal 5: Reading and viewing

I will understand how navigate and read texts for specific purposes applying appropriate text processing strategies, for example predicting and confirming, monitoring meaning, skimming and scanning.

Unit Learning Goal 6: Writing

I will understand how to plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources appropriate to purpose and audience.

Personal Learning Goals: During this unit, I will . . .

Keep myself calm and not panic. Project my voice, also have a steady voice. Look at everyone in the room.




Viscosity Liquids and Water

Introduction- This term we were doing chemistry for our integrated unit. To wrap up the end of the unit we did a science experiment. We had to conduct a experiment meaning we had to do: aim, prediction, procedure and stuff like that. The whole package. I did it with Ebony.

Aim- To investigate if different levels of viscosity effect mixing with water.

Hypothesis- We think the lower viscosity will mix better with water then higher viscosity because the thickness might slow the mixing and the lower viscosity will be thin, so it will be easy to mix with each other.


Observations- The chocolate syrup sank to the bottom. The chocolate syrup formed foam, not a lot, but some blotches here and there. When we mixed the liquids with the water some of them: the honey, were harder to stir because of their viscosity! We noticed that after a few days the honey lost its viscosity. The maple syrup did absolutely nothing. I think it did that because it didn’t have a high viscosity. It is lower than honey but higher than water. By a bit. The toothpaste was hard to get in the container. It didn’t even move. The highest viscosity material we had. The toothpaste turned into a white liquid and then after a few days- purple! It was a nightmare trying to put it in the beaker.

Science Pic 2                         Science Pic


The honey changed its viscosity level from thick to thin with the water, the chocolate syrup gained foam. But the toothpaste was the biggest and most positive

Our experiment was simple. Find out if the viscosity of a liquid effects
mixing with water! SIMPLE! It turned out the way we wanted it. Well… it turned out  the way we didn’t expect but it didn’t effect with our experiment. The
toothpaste turned white! WOW! Amazing! No, I’m kidding. The real surprise…ready? It. Turned. PURPLE! We did not see that coming.


Our experiment was effective because our experiment went exactly as predicted. It mixed with the purple. -Read the observation for more information

Maybe next time we could keep one liquid -like the honey- and change the water to something different. Like vinegar.Or change how much there is in the beaker. We could also investigate what is in water that made all the substances mix easier and if we changed the substances so it wasn’t viscosity levels but how squishy or malleability it is or maybe how transparent  something is.

Glossary- Experiment Glossary

Experiment Rubric- Science-Experiment Rubric

Indigenous Parliament – BTN

It was about a girl named Audrey. She and 49 other indigenous kids were going to the Parliament house to discuss things. She made a speech, they debated lots of topics like recognizing Indigenous Australians as the first Australians.

My first fact is that indigenous people face a lot of problems. Even if some of Parliament is trying to make a difference. Next is that in history only 28 indigenous Australians have become members of parliament. And it was just like real parliament. Rowdy.

I understand that 28 Australian indigenous is NOT enough. Secondly I KNOW that some indigenous are fighting for land rights and stuff and at least some of the politicians are noticing.

I wonder why they don’t notice indigenous Australians? They were here first, right? Shouldn’t they be in charge?

Rebecca Scott – Values

Rebecca SCOTT was nominated for the LOCAL HERO award.

She showed CARE AND COMPASSION when she helped homeless and disadvantaged youth a pathway to education and long-term employment. She know has four cafe’s, a coffee roastery and a catering company.

Rebecca gave the homeless youth a second chance. She showed a FAIR GO while doing that. She wanted them to have a better life and to be treated how they wanted to be treated.

Rebecca somehow understood what was happening to all those young youths in the worlds and she wanted to help them. She showed a tremendous amount of  UNDERSTANDING when she did that. 

Rebecca had so much RESPONSIBILITY in her hands I wonder how she could even deal with it. But she did. She took all that weight and made it her own. Rebecca did well and she is still going.


Care and Compassion: RED

Fair go: PURPLE

Understanding: PINK

Responsibility: BLUE